Behavior Driven Development (BDD) is quickly grabbing attention of developers who are looking for a better way of developing applications. BDD revolves around the idea of writing specifications for your application, writing the API that your code will need to implement to meet the specifications, and then finally implementing the API to pass all of the specifications.
I used to be guilty of not writing good tests for the code that I developed. I found it difficult to really find the meaning of writing the tests. I knew it was a good practice and would alert me if I broke my code later on, but I had a hard time figuring out what types of tests to write, and which code I actually needed to write tests for. I think this is a problem that Dave Astels saw happening in the Test Driven Development (TDD) world. See his original post leading to BDD.
Behavior Driven Development has helped me begin writing practical tests for my code, and has helped me focus on the specifications of what my application should be fulfilling. It has really caused quite a shift in my thought process.
RSpec is a testing framework that facilitates BDD for Ruby. It makes the testing during the development process work for you. You write your tests first, watch them fail (because you haven’t yet implemented anything yet), and then implement the code and see it pass. It’s a wonderful process, and RSpec makes it fun.
The above example shows some some results of some Ruby development I’m currently working on. I’m working on implementing a FamilyTreeApi client’s person method. You’ll see that you can read the tests and see what the specifications are of that particular method. The Green are specifications that the library is currently passing, and the yellow are not yet implemented.
Below is the actual test for the first specification of the client ‘person’ method description.
If you are interested in learning more about BDD and RSpec, I suggest going through the following tutorials:
- Simple Ruby and RSpec Tutorial – This tutorial will bring you through the basics of the process while developing a simple state machine. It’s a fun tutorial.
- RSpec on Rails – Luke Redpath’s awesome introduction to using RSpec with your Rails application development.
- RSpec Mocks and Models – Peepcode screencast explaining Mocks and Models. You can view a small sample of the screencast, but I suggest forking out the $9. It’s definitely worth it. This especially helped me out as I’ve been writing a Ruby-based library for accessing the FamilySearch Public API.
One more interesting thing with RSpec. Ben Maybe has posted an article on using RSpec for your C code. This is way cool, being able to harness the power of RSpec while writing an application in C.
Has anyone else seen any other good BDD frameworks for other languages? How about more good tutorials? What has been your experience with BDD or TDD?